Taganrog is an important industrial center of the South of Russia
The largest enterprise is the Taganrog Metallurgical Plant (OJSC TAGMET): steel production, steel pipes for the oil and gas industry, consumer goods.
The machine-building industry is well developed in the city: the Krasny Kotelshchik plant (equipment for boiler-houses and power plants), Pressmash (forging and pressing equipment), Vibropribor, Priboy, ship repair. There are enterprises of the defense industry that are part of the "rocket tactical armament" corporation.
LLC "Rostov Truck Plant" on the basis of "Taganrog Combine Plant" since December 2006, produces 18-passenger passenger buses Hyundai Сounty, intended for intraurban and suburban transportation, as well as for use as a corporate transport.
Also there are a number of chemical enterprises (factories - "Thermoplast", paint and varnish), light (tannery and others) and food (fish, meat, confectionery, flour-grinding plants) industry. In Taganrog is the headquarters of one of the leading grain exporters, agro-industrial company Yugtranzitservis.